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Tuesday, December 21st, 2010

Census 2010 National and State Results Released

Today the Census Bureau issued the first data release from Census 2010, with national and state total population, and apportionment results.

The total population of the United States on April 1, 2010 was 308,745,538, an increase of 9.7% from 2000.

As a result of state population changes, the following states gained seats in Congress: Arizona (+1), Florida (+2), Georgia (+1), Nevada (+1), South Carolina (+1), Texas (+4), Utah (+1), Washington (+1)

And the following states lost them: Illinois (-1), Iowa (-1), Louisiana (-1), Massachusetts (-1), Michigan (-1), Missouri (-1), New Jersey (-1), New York (-2), Ohio (-2), Pennsylania (-1).

Obviously Texas is the big winner here.

Here’s a map of the US for percentage change in population from 2000-2010, with color intensity proportional to the change. Michigan is shown in red as the only state to lose population, falling below the 10 million mark. Nevada is the champ at 35%.

Here’s a map of the US for total change in population from 2000-2010, with color intensity again proportional to the change with Michigan in red. Texas is tops here, adding about 4.3 million people. California is number two, with healthy total population growth, though a rate that has slowed to virtually the national average, a big change for them.

This map I think says it all. In it I put the states the grew faster than the US as a whole in blue, and those that grew slower than the US as a whole in red:

This is a quick, preliminary look. You can download the raw data here. Shoot me a note if you see any errors.

Much more to come from Census 2010.

12 Comments
Topics: Demographic Analysis

12 Responses to “Census 2010 National and State Results Released”

  1. DBR96A says:

    It looks to me like all this talk about the South as a growth leader doesn’t apply to everybody. It’s basically Texas and the south Atlantic states doing all the heavy lifting. I’m sure that Hurricane Katrina impacted Louisiana’s numbers, but it doesn’t explain the below-average growth rates in Arkansas, Mississippi or Alabama. The slow growth rate in those states seems to prove that a state needs more than just a favorable tax climate to have a dynamic economy.

  2. Chris Barnett says:

    Jim, I think you’re seeing the glass as 1/3 empty instead of 2/3 full. You throw out LA for Katrina, and I’ll throw out MD and VA as DC spillover.

    You’ve still got NC, SC, GA, FL, TN, TX as states growing faster than the US as a whole, against your three deep-South shrinkers (AR, AL, MS), which are probably the most-rural and least-educated three states in the deep South.

  3. Chris Barnett says:

    Plus…”population growth” is not the same thing as “dynamic economy”. Florida’s population growth has long been the opposite of dynamic: retiree-driven.

  4. BrianTH says:

    Of course the population growth in these various places is changing the nature of these places (much commentary seems to assume the opposite, which is kinda silly).

  5. I’m looking forward to your census analysis pieces to come. I wonder if the census were to be done in 2-5 years if we’d see places like AZ and NV posting such extreme gains still. My inclination is that the 2020 census will be the beginning of a shift away from these places to more economic and environmental sustainable states.

  6. Byron E says:

    Aside from the political aspects, there’s nothing particularly positive about large population growth. More people typically means more stress on our partner species, increased resource consumption, etc. Just want to make sure that the small is beautiful perspective is included here too. Thanks.

  7. Brian says:

    When you look at per capita income change, not all population growth is equal. For example, North Carolina has not added jobs as quickly as it has added people.

  8. Alon Levy says:

    Most of the fast-growing Sunbelt states haven’t added jobs and income as quickly as people; Texas is the main exception.

  9. the urban politician says:

    I reckon Texas’ reckoning will eventually come.

    The philosophy of southern Republicans to cut taxes, reduce spending, and stop wasting money maintaining existing infrastructure, all the while encouraging people to move to less developed, low tax states will one day be Texas’ scourge.

  10. The only one of these that surprises me is Arkansas. I guess that the pace of growth in the Wal*Mart corridor (northwest part of the state) and metro Little Rock isn’t enough to offset the hemorrhaging population in the southeast part of the state, which, economically and culturally, is in many regards an extension of the Mississippi Delta. At any rate, it isn’t enough to make Arkansas’ growth rate surpass the national rate.

  11. Chris Barnett says:

    North Carolina is a retirement destination for people from the Northeast and Midwest who like four seasons (but moderate winters). That would partially explain population growth without job growth or increase in unemployment.

    The key additional stats needed to confirm would be median age, and/or the age pyramid.

    Also, NC is the home of Ft. Bragg and Camp LeJeune, two massive military bases; active military doesn’t count in jobs or labor force stats. (Who dreamed up that artifice? The armed forces are often the employer of last resort in a recession; if we counted the military both “in the labor force” and as “employed”, our young-adult “unemployment problem” in the US wouldn’t seem as big.)

  12. Chris Barnett says:

    The ACS release showed that the worst “poverty pockets” in Indiana were the small cities with the state’s big universities (Muncie, Ball State; West Lafayette, Purdue; Bloomington, IU; Terre Haute, ISU; South Bend, Notre Dame) along with perpetual basket case Gary.

    Apparently no common-sense test is applied to the data? Just because someone has a low earned income doesn’t mean they’re living in poverty. If the value of scholarships, fellowships, and parental support isn’t added in, of COURSE high concentrations of students will look like “impoverished cities”.

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