Tuesday, February 7th, 2012

A Visit to Youngstown by Joe Baur

[ Joe Baur is a 20-something resident of downtown Cleveland. He also puts out series of video shorts of political comedy called Mildly Relevant News that you might want to check out. Some of them include musing on various urbanists topics. He recently paid a visit to much-maligned Youngtown, Ohio and was kind enough to file this report for us here – Aaron. ]

Hard up for a depressing, Rust Belt story? Come to Youngstown, Ohio, where the steel mills packed up and left years ago, taking much of their population and quality of life with them. At least, that’s the theme national media has clutched onto ever since Bruce Springsteen acknowledged its sad reality with his morose ballad, “Youngstown.” But rumors of redevelopment and pockets of young professionals determined to rebuild this once great steel empire reached me up in Cleveland. As a Rust Belt junkie myself, I had to check it out.

“A dangerous shithole,” is how David Jason, a former Youngstown area resident, described the city. “Wish I could say something nicer.” To be fair, he had been car jacked there. Twice. The freakin’ Dalai Lama himself would struggle to look back fondly on a city after a couple of brushes with death. And it’s not just David. Crime and poverty are tremendous problems in Youngstown. The steel industry was the city’s golden goose. Without it, the city has struggled to find itself and adapt to the new economy. But before I continue this 20/20, gloom and doom exposé, there was a time when Youngstown was booming. And there’s no better place for a glimpse at its once prosperous hour than The Museum of Labor and Industry located downtown in the Youngstown Historical Center.

My Aunt Barb, a fellow Northeast Ohioan who will travel to just about anywhere with me, drove us straight to the museum after a quick breakfast in Cleveland. We were both legitimately excited to take a walk through steel history. But first we were greeted with the harsh realities of the steel mills of today, an appropriate mix with the day’s cold temperatures and gray skies. Shortly after passing the “Welcome to Youngstown” sign on I-680, we were surrounded by ruins of the city’s former economic powerhouses. There were a plethora of dilapidated buildings that make the Coliseum look in business.

Shortly after our haunting ride around the mills of yore, we made it to the museum. Sadly, locked doors met us and a taped sign that read, “CLOSED.” I had the hours right, but apparently missed the bit about being closed the week between Christmas and New Years. Crap.

Barb went to warm up in the car while I wandered around for a bit, snapping a few photos of what looked to be downtown Youngstown down the hill. I also stumbled upon an Ohio Historical Marker statue recognizing the Little Steel Strike. It was through their efforts that gave their union recognition and the right to collectively bargain with steel companies.

While I was busy impersonating Ansel Adams, a white van pulled up in front of the museum. Campus security for nearby Youngstown State University, perhaps? Getting cold, I hopped back into the car and we slowly pulled away, stopping briefly to wave down the woman in the van and explain why we were the lone vehicle in the parking lot.

We gave a brief sob story about how we came out from Cleveland to see this museum and were sad to see it closed. Well good thing we stopped, because turns out this lovely lady was waiting for security to let her in and finish a painting project she had been working on as a volunteer. “I’d be happy to let you in,” she said. Score! Labor and industry was a go.

Shortly thereafter, security arrived and let us all in. I quickly began making my way around the museum. Wow, to put it lightly. Granted I’m a nerd for history and particularly Rust Belt lore, but even the most jaded field trip traveler would have to admit the museum was put together beautifully. Relics of the steel industry were positioned perfectly, with actual equipment left in tact to give you a vague sense of what it was like to work in those Hellish conditions.

The displays described life as a worker in the steel mills before and after unionization. They shared stories of racism experienced by black folks who moved up from the South for work and the prejudices immigrants had to deal with on a daily basis from so-called “natives.” Evidently natives weren’t too keen about folks moving in to work thankless jobs for less money. Sound familiar?

It’s odd how a museum can take something so unromantic and romanticize the lifestyle and time period to the point where you wish you could live the life for just one day. When in reality, there’s not a chance in Hell I’d last a day in those mills. And neither would you. Hell, I’d love to send Kim Kardashian and Donald Trump to their reality TV show death down there. Suffice it to say, The Museum of Labor and Industry is must stop for any history and/or Rust Belt buffs.

As we approached the final room, we stopped to chat with Doreen Moore, the incredibly kind painter who made our museum visit possible. We were lucky enough to hear her version of a mid-life crisis – a story worthy of its own documentary or feature article. Surprisingly enough, Doreen hails from Northern California near the Oregon border. She described her corner of the Golden State as a foggy area that never gets colder than 40 or warmer than 70-degrees. Like most Americans, Doreen was stuck in a job that simply wasn’t for her in a state she didn’t feel she belonged in. “I never felt like a Californian,” she told us.

Years before her eventual move from California, Doreen found a program at a small Voc-Tech in St. Clairsville (Belmont Technical College) that offered degrees in Building Preservation/Restoration. After years of being looked down on because she didn’t have a college degree, she decided enough was enough and put her house on the market. It sold it for over $250K in just four hours. Not a bad profit, considering what she paid for it. Within two years, she was ready to move onward and upward and enrolled at Youngstown State University in a city she had never so much as driven by. With cash in hand, she bought her Victorian dream house, spending about as much as you’d spend on a good used car.

Now Doreen finds herself happier than ever, chasing after her masters and “madly, hopelessly” in love with a man who found Youngstown under similar circumstances from Seattle. With the crap Hollywood continues to churn out, her story is one that at least deserves some consideration from the studio bigwigs.

Our next stop was the Lemon Grove Café, a spot I had heard of from Youngstown transplants as the heart of their rebuilding downtown on West Federal Street. They advertise themselves as a “café, art gallery and organization devoted to the economic and cultural Renaissance of Youngstown, OH.” Admirable aspirations, but I honestly expected a tiny café with some basic drink selections and a few pastries to choose from. I was wrong. So wrong, it’s laughable.

This was not just some café that would be lost in a sea of yuppie joints in New York City. This was an establishment like nothing I had seen before in any city I’ve lived in or throughout all of my travels. And anyone was welcomed! Young and old mixed with different ethnicities, giving the place an incredibly welcoming feel. Surrounded by what I imagine was local art, Lemon Grove is the mecca for any creative type or simply anyone who enjoys the fruits of creativity. And the place is open until 2am, seven days a week! They serve breakfast, lunch and dinner throughout the day and are always hosting live musical acts for their late night patrons. Did I mention they also sell booze? Yes. Yes they do. It’s a place you never have to leave. Have breakfast, work on your computer throughout the day, have lunch and dinner, then stay for drinks with friends and rocking out with local tunes. I dare call this place… Heaven. And that’s no hyperbole, my friend.

After leaving the Lemon Grove, I paused to look around Federal Street. No, it’s not currently a street that would rival a thriving big city or a successful small town, like Traverse City. But the pieces are there. Studying the surroundings, I had what I’m going to call A Beautiful Mind moment. It wasn’t difficult to see what this place can become in the foreseeable future, thanks in large part to the success of the Lemon Grove. And they weren’t just voices in my head. Local business owners and investors are working hand-in-hand to make the dream a reality. In fact, the latest addition to downtown will be the partial demolition and restoration of the Liberty-Paramount Theater. Closed in 1976, the building quickly fell into disrepair, but was saved when the property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. The restored building will be a music venue with a restaurant and cabaret bar in the basement and two movie theaters in the balcony. Clearly the city is making an effort to save the unique architecture featured in their buildings and restore them for the 21st Century. It’s hard to find a city whose suffered tremendous population losses willing to reinvent their past. My beloved Cleveland has fallen into the trap of demolishing history in favor of something new and shiny (Columbia Building, anyone?). Hats off to the leaders making it happen in Youngstown.

Less than a mile from downtown and over the Mahoning River is Rust Belt Brewing Company. Usually when I travel (okay, not usually), the first thing I do is look for local breweries. This is Youngstown’s.

Rust Belt is a small operation catering to nearby Rust Belt towns, most notably Pittsburgh, although I’ve seen and enjoyed their brew in Cleveland, too. The crew was busy bottling when we popped in and were nice enough to give me generous samples of all their brews before making a final decision on a purchase. While tasting, they explained they’re a young brewery, but continue to see 40% growth on a yearly basis with grand aspirations for the future. But in Youngstown, success comes with frustration.

You see, Youngstown, like most cities in Ohio, has been pulverized by suburban sprawl. With that suburban sprawl comes a more often than not irrational fear of the city. So much so, Rust Belt’s brew crew laments the cold reception nearby suburbs have given their humble operation. They simply refuse to come out and work with them, hiding behind their preconceptions of the city from the comfort of their big-box home. There’s no doubt Youngstown has its problems with crime and poverty. I don’t think I met anyone who has tried to hide that. But refusing to work with the urban core that made the suburbs successful in the first place is pretty damn criminal if you ask me. It’s heartless at the very least and a problem all Rust Belt cities are faced with. I can’t tell you how many times I personally have been told, “Hope you don’t get shot” for living in downtown Cleveland, an arguably safer area statistically than many suburbs. Hell, someone told me they hope I don’t get shot when I said I was going to Youngstown. The sooner Youngstown’s suburbs wise up and work with the city, the better for all parties involved.

After a nice conversation and tasty samples that left me with a bit of a buzz, I ordered a growler of the Rusted River Irish Red Ale. But I honestly couldn’t have gone wrong with any of the beers. Great stuff all around. I then went outside to take in the view of the Mahoning River, accidently scaring the crap out of a flock of ducks in the process. It’s a sight I’m sure Rust Belt’s brewers wish they could show suburban leaders as they talk distributing their beer. I guarantee it’s a view they wouldn’t expect to see in the heart of the city. Don’t get me wrong, it’s not the Alps or anything, but it’s a peaceful sight in its own right.

We then hopped back into the car, onto Mahoning Ave. and on our way out of town. On the way out, we swung through Idora neighborhood along Mill Creek Park – a sprawling beauty many say rivals some of the nation’s national parks. But driving through Idora, it was clear how much the neighborhoods were struggling. Abandoned, dilapidated homes were as prevalent as foreclosure signs. A few gems stuck out, though, along the park which is how Barb remembered the area from when she went to Idora Park as a kid for family get-togethers.

Our last neighborhood was on the north side, where it was clear old homes were demolished with new properties rising in their ashes. Every little bit helps, but it’s the work being done downtown and with Rust Belt Brewing that proves most inspiring, giving hope to the locals both young and old who have stuck their flag in the ground, dedicating their lives to the economic and cultural Renaissance of Youngstown.

The optimist in me can see a day where Youngstown becomes a cheap, small-city alternative to Cleveland and Pittsburgh much like how Akron has rebuilt its downtown and some nearby neighborhoods as destinations for young professionals. Slowly but surely, the pieces are coming together. Who knows; perhaps one day the Boss will write a follow up song noting the cultural Renaissance of Youngstown, where the people have left the fiery furnaces of Hell and are doing Heaven’s work well.

Topics: Urban Culture
Cities: Youngstown

58 Responses to “A Visit to Youngstown by Joe Baur”

  1. Mavis says:

    While I agree that the area is certainly benefiting financially with the whole fracking thing, we have had several earthquakes–a really fairly strong and nasty one on New Year’s Eve–that have been caused by the injection well (it has since been shut down).

    For those of us that do not have acres of property and lucrative gas leases, this really sucks as our homes sustain damage (there’s a reason they don’t build brick houses in California…HELLO!!!) and we’re not compensated in any way, shape or form. And, there was a noticeable difference in the taste of the tap water quite some time ago. Most of us are using filters now.

    I, too, live on the North Side and I love it. There is good/bad in every neighborhood in EVERY town. Not just Youngstown. You have to take precautions, no matter where you live.

  2. JoeP says:

    I’m not saying that such an organization would be gov’t or not. I don’t see that it matters. I just think that such an organization would be too broad to matter when each region has enough on its plate as it is. I don’t see how promoting NE Ohio and WPA as some super region will amount to anything. People thought the regions would truly grow together some decades ago when industry was still around, but the dynamics have changed. I don’t see this as discounting “awareness” or “openess” on any level. But I do discount the opposit.

    I highly doubt that there is real animosity between Cleveland Clinic and UPMC etc.

    Of course there are ridiculous football fans that can never say anything nice about the other city (though that rivalry has been less significant in recent years anyway), but most people don’t have such feelings.

  3. Pete from Baltimore says:

    Mr John Morris @ comment 49
    My point was that in many ways DC and NYC are outliers.And both are ver y different from your average American city

    DC,Detroit and Baltimore all burned during the 1968 riots. Only DC has come close to recovering from the 68 riots . But a huge reason for that is the gentrification of many of its neighborhoods that is entirly due to the fact that Washington DC is the Nation’s Capitol and has thousands of Federal jobs[not to mention thousands of jobs like Lobbying,ect, that are connected to Government]

    There is nothing wrong with this.Its just that its not possible for Detroit or Cleveland to replicat that gentrification without them becoming the Nation’s Capitol. I beleive that cities like Detroit,Baltimore and Cleveland CAN solve many of thier problems.But they must do so differently than DC and NYC. Detoit,ect, does not have Wall Street. Nor is it the Nation’s Capitol. It CAN improve. But not by copying or learning lessons from DC. It must find its own way

    My more general point is that many urbanists talk as though “gentrification” is a big problem in America. The displacement of people by gentrification is a problem in DC and NYC. But in places like Baltimore,Detroit,Gary,Cleveland,ect, the biggest problem isnt “yuppies” moving into poorer neighborhoods. Its people of all Races and Classes, LEAVING the city

    My point was that too many urbanist were NYC and DC centered and that they all too often ignored the realities, and issues, of urban living in places like Baltimore and Cleveland

    Fortuantly MR Renn is an exception to this trend

  4. Jacob Harver says:

    Thank you so much. It means a lot to know that you appreciated the place exactly how we intended. It truly means a lot and is a fantastic article!

  5. John Morris says:

    @ Pete from Baltimore

    While I agree that both D.C. and NYC had huge advantages in terms of their job bases one has to cut through the revisionist history.

    In the late 1970’s it didn’t exactly seem obvious to many that NY would survive at all, which is why guys like Donald Trump were able to buy prime property right next to Grand Central Station for a few million dollars. Bushwick and East Williamsburg burned during the 1977 blackout.

    It might seem obvious now that D.C. had such a huge captive job base, but up until a few years ago it was still pretty troubled.

    Pittsburgh, actually is number 2 after D.C. in terms of percentage of regional jobs in the city itself. Likewise, the University Circle area of Cleveland, home to to The Cleveland Clinic, University Hospitals, Case Western University and The Cleveland Museum has tens of thousands of good jobs but up until recently, not many residents.

    In my opinion, people playing up the, woe is me, poor post industrial city stuff are actually trying to evade the role of city planners, mayors and others in destroying many communities. (They meant well)

    BTW, Detroit for example had seen large scale population loss long before 1968. The lower Hill in Pittsburgh was torn down in the 1950’s. Pittsburgh’s central North Side shopping district was torn down in the 1960’s. Detroit used eminent domain in the early 1980’s to forcibly evict an entire community to build a car plant that later closed.

    This thinking also understates the real national demand for livable, walkable neighborhoods.

  6. Joe Baur says:

    @Jacob, thank you for the kind words. Glad you enjoyed the article.

  7. Allie Bacchus says:

    Thank you for your expansive, to-the-heart writing. The descriptions of decay, and the coming hope of new (over) growth of the urban areas. I am a Canadian of American descent, and grew up in Washington DC and Richmond VA, and Canada.
    Your writing in this site especially touches me because I can hear the tears in the laughter, and the
    resolve in the rage of what has happened to such a wonderful collection of strong, dedicated people.
    I show these pictures – and thanks to your site, well written, images and stories of the rustbelt reality to people far removed (other countries) who think this current reality is made up or exaggerated. Really, outside of America, even as close as your northern cousin, so many deny that this can be happening to the greatest country on earth. Thank you for documenting, both decay and new growth

  8. Joe Baur says:

    Thank you or the kind words and taking the time to read, Allie!

The Urban State of Mind: Meditations on the City is the first Urbanophile e-book, featuring provocative essays on the key issues facing our cities, including innovation, talent attraction and brain drain, global soft power, sustainability, economic development, and localism. Included are 28 carefully curated essays out of nearly 1,200 posts in the first seven years of the Urbanophile, plus 9 original pieces. It's great for anyone who cares about our cities.

About the Urbanophile


Aaron M. Renn is an opinion-leading urban analyst, consultant, speaker, and writer on a mission to help America’s cities thrive and find sustainable success in the 21st century.

Full Bio


Please email before connecting with me on LinkedIn if we don't already know each other.



Copyright © 2006-2014 Urbanophile, LLC, All Rights Reserved - Click here for copyright information and disclosures