Richard Florida just put out a new whitepaper called “Winner-Take-All Cities.” It looks at the over-concentration of various items in major global cities above and beyond their “fair share” based on population. It’s an interesting look. Total economic output, shown above, it not particularly winner-take-all skewed. New York is only 4.5 as high in GDP as it should be based on population alone. Houston is actually a tad higher. But other items like venture capital are a hundred times more concentrated. It’s worth a look.